An undergraduate degree is an academic degree awarded by colleges and universities to students who have completed a course of study. It is the first degree that can be obtained in higher education. The most common types of undergraduate degrees are associate’s and bachelor’s degrees.
Undergraduate degrees mark the beginning of a student’s higher education journey. They provide foundation knowledge and skills for both career preparation and further education. Here is an in-depth look at what constitutes an undergraduate degree.
There are three main levels of college degrees in the United States:
- Associate’s degree: 2 years
- Bachelor’s degree: 4 years
- Master’s degree: 2+ years beyond a bachelor’s
The associate’s and bachelor’s degrees are considered undergraduate degrees, while the master’s degree is a graduate degree for post-bachelor’s study.
The most significant distinction is that undergraduate programs do not require completing a previous degree to enroll. Students can begin associate’s and bachelor’s programs directly out of high school. Graduate degrees require having an undergraduate degree first.
Within the undergraduate level, there are two main degree types:
Associate’s degrees are 2-year programs that focus on the basics in a field. Possible types include:
- Associate of Arts (AA)
- Associate of Science (AS)
- Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
They are often earned at community colleges before transferring to a 4-year bachelor’s program. Many students obtain an associate’s degree for quicker entry into the workforce. Common majors include business administration, nursing, and information technology.
Bachelor’s degrees are more in-depth 4-year programs with general education and major-specific courses. Types include:
- Bachelor of Arts (BA)
- Bachelor of Science (BS)
- Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
- Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)
BA programs focus on humanities and liberal arts while BS degrees emphasize scientific, mathematical, and technical skills. The BFA is for arts study and BAS for applied science fields. Over 85% of undergraduates seek a bachelor’s degree.
Here is the typical time investment required for undergraduate degrees:
- Associate’s: 2 years full-time
- Bachelor’s: 4 years full-time
- Part-time options extend the timeframes
Some accelerated bachelor’s programs can be completed in 3 years. Students earn credits year-round and carry higher course loads.
Undergraduate admission requirements include:
- High school completion
- Minimum GPAs and test scores
- College preparatory coursework
- Essays and interviews
- Letters of recommendation
The requirements increase for more selective programs and universities. Community colleges often have open enrollment.
Undergraduate study provides:
- Exposure to diverse subjects
- Development of core skills like writing, math, analysis
- Critical thinking and intellectual development
- Flexibility to explore interests
- Preparation for careers or further education
- Opportunity for research projects
- Friendships and networking
Students gain foundational knowledge while discovering passions. It establishes the groundwork for their future.
Benefits of an Undergraduate Degree
Reasons to pursue an undergraduate degree include:
- Increasing job prospects and earning potential
- Gaining skills valued by employers
- Preparing for competitive graduate programs
- Expanding worldviews and personal growth
Undergraduate degrees open doors to more careers. They provide knowledge to fuel passions and future academic endeavors.
Whether earning an associate’s in nursing or a bachelor’s in business, an undergraduate degree marks a major milestone of higher learning. It kickstarts students’ academic journey and career possibilities.